ERA and the US Constitution

By: Wendy Cartwright

ERA and the US Constitution

Did you know that the Constitution does not explicitly guarantee that the rights it protects are held equally by all citizens without regard to sex? The first — and still the only — right specifically affirmed as equal for women and men is the right to vote.

Section I of the ERA states:

Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex.

What does Section I mean?:

It means that neither state governments or the federal government may enact any law which explicitly places undue restrictions upon an individual on the basis of his or her gender. Laws which disproportionately affect, either through advantage or hindrance, one gender above the other, would essentially be neutralized.

Thank you: and